Is the formation of a blood clot, known as a thrombus, within a blood vessel. It prevents blood from flowing normally through the circulatory system.
Have you ever wondered what stops you from bleeding when you hurt yourself? In a healthy body, blood clots play an important role in this. At the site of a cut, blood platelets and red blood cells are held together by a rope-like molecule called fibrin. This forms a blood clot, which plugs up the cut and stops bleeding. This is an important process, but it can cause major health issues when it happens at the wrong time. When a blood clot forms in the veins, it is known as venous thromboembolism. This can cause deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolisms. When a clot forms in the arteries, it is called atherothrombosis, which can lead to heart attack and stroke.
What is deep vein thrombosis (DVT)?
Deep vein thrombosis occurs when a blood clot forms in a major vein, usually in the leg. This blood clot stops blood from flowing easily through the vein, which can lead to swelling, discoloration, and pain in the leg. It is often diagnosed with an ultra sound.
Signs and symptoms of DVT include:
Discomfort, heaviness, pain, aching, throbbing, itching, or warmth in the legs
Skin changes in the leg, such as discoloration, thickening, or ulceration
Swelling of the legs, ankles, or feet
Patients with DVT are at risk for developing post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS). PTS can involve chronic leg swelling, calf pain, calf heaviness/fatigue, skin discoloration, and/or venous ulcers.
Risk factors that contribute to thrombosis include:
Vessel wall damage
Surgery (especially orthopedic surgery and total knee replacement)
Heredity (including the Factor V Leiden genetic mutation)
Increased estrogen levels (due to oral contraception or hormone replacement therapy)
What is the treatment for DVT?
The most common and effective treatment is to administer anticoagulants (clotting prevention agents). These drugs block the formation of new clots. Over time the body’s natural processes will begin to dissolve the clots that have already formed. Initially, injections of heparin or low-molecular weight heparin are used because they act within hours. For longer term treatment, patients have a variety of medications that can help. Direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) are the guideline recommended treatments. They are newer drugs that work by blocking specific clotting factors. Another medication used is warfarin. It is the more traditional therapy and has been used for the past 50 years. It is often sold under the brand name Coumadin and taken orally. Unlike, heparin or low-molecular weight heparin, 3-5 days is needed before warfarin reaches full therapeutic effect.
Can blood clots be dissolved or removed?
The safest way to dissolve a clot is to let the body’s own clot-dissolving processes take effect. This can take anywhere from weeks to years, although some blood clots do not go away. In the case of massive or life-threatening clotting, clot dissolving drugs can be administered via catheter directly into the blocked blood vessels to dissolve recently formed clots. Thrombolytic drugs do come with a risk of bleeding. In certain emergency situations, clots can be removed surgically, but this increases the risk of further clotting.
What are the risks of blood clots recurring?
The chances of a recurrent blood clot is dependent on the circumstances leading up to the first clot. For example, if the blood clot occurred as a result of surgery or trauma, then the chances of re-occurrence is relatively low. On the other hand, for people who developed unprovoked blood clots and have stopped treatment after 6 months, the chance of recurrence is approximately 20% in the first 4 years and roughly 30% after 10 years.
What are the risks of taking an anticoagulant?
With all anticoagulant medications, there is an increased risk of bleeding. Signs of excessive bleeding can include prolonged nose bleeds, severe bruising, bleeding gums, vomiting or coughing up blood, and, for women, increased bleeding during menstruation. Patients with cancer, over the age of 65, and with renal or liver failure, face a higher risk of bleeding.
It is important for patients on anticoagulants to immediately seek medical attention if they experience:
A major accident, such as a car accident
Unstoppable or prolonged bleeding
Patients who are concerned about risks associated with taking an anticoagulant should speak with their doctors about their concerns.
Do you follow a particular diet?Are you conscious about your weight?
Do you take any special efforts to eat healthy?Do you eat as per your body’s needs?
Good nutrition is one of the key to living a healthy life. You can improve your health by keeping a balanced diet. You must eat a variety of foods that contain vitamins and minerals. This includes fruits, vegetables, whole grains, dairy, and a source of protein. Your meal must be planned as per your age as well as your nature of work. Do not fall for fad or short-term diets that look tempting. They may promise to help you lose weight fast. However they may be unhealthy in the long run. A good and balanced diet improves the quality of life and helps prevent illnesses. Let us look at the various aspects of nutrition:
Benefits of good Nutrition:
Here are a few ways how a good diet affects your body positively:
Losing weight can help to reduce the risk of chronic conditions. Obesity highly increases your risk of developing several conditions, including heart disease, cancer, type 2 diabetes, osteoporosis.
Eating a healthy diet can help a person with diabetes lose weight, manage blood sugar levels, manage blood pressure levels, prevent or delay the complications of diabetes.
Cardiac health and stroke prevention
A majority of premature heart disease and stroke cases can be prevented by making lifestyle changes, such as increasing levels of physical activity and eating healthfully. If a person eliminates trans fats from the diet, this will reduce their levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. This type of cholesterol causes plaque to collect within the arteries, increasing the risk of heart attack and stroke.
Strong bones and teeth
A diet with adequate calcium and magnesium is necessary for strong bones and teeth. Keeping the bones healthy is vital in preventing osteoporosis and osteoarthritis later in life. Few sources of calcium rich foods are dairy, legumes, cauliflower, broccoli, bananas, etc.
Research suggests that a diet with a high glycemic load may cause increased symptoms of depression and fatigue. Avoid foods made of refined carbohydrates like cakes, white bread, and biscuits which have a high glycemic index. Vegetables, whole fruit, and whole grains have a lower glycemic load.
A healthy diet may help prevent dementia and cognitive decline. Adequate intake of foods with vitamin D, C, E, omega 3 fatty acids, flavonoids and polyphenols helps boost your brain functions.
Improved digestive health
The colon is full of naturally occurring bacteria, which play important roles in metabolism and digestion and help fight harmful bacteria and viruses. A diet low in fiber and high in sugar and fat hampers this process. A diet rich in vegetables, fruits, legumes, and whole grains helps good bacteria to thrive in the colon.
Common Nutrition Myths:
Carbohydrates make you fat.
This depends on the quality of carbohydrates consumed that either leads to fat gain or fat loss. Simple carbohydrates like sugar, fruit juices, maida lead to fat gain, whereas complex carbohydrates like whole grains and cereals, whole fruits lead to sustained energy levels and fat loss.
Too much protein causes hair fall.
This is not true. Eating a protein-rich diet prevents deficiencies and reduces hair fall.
Diets don’t work!
Diets work when they suit your metabolism and lifestyle. Poorly designed weight loss programs are ineffective. Tailor made nutritional plans created by qualified health professionals are effective.
Too much protein can cause liver damage.
No, metabolizing protein is a natural work of the liver. Only with a liver problem, one needs to restrict protein.
Eliminating dairy products leads to weight loss.
Excluding whole dairy products rich in saturated fats leads to fat loss. One can include low fat dairy products in a fat loss program. Excluding dairy completely is not recommended as it may lead to a calcium deficiency.
Thirst is an indication to drink water!
Thirst is an indicator of dehydration. Drink water regularly throughout the day. A dehydrated body compromises on performance and cannot burn fat nor build muscle.
Common nutrition myths for children:
Frequent eating will make them healthy
This is not true. Frequent eating will not advance your child’s growth and development. The fact is that healthy eating habits like fixed time of having meals, eating according to the appetite, healthy snacking and a balanced diet are the growth determinants. Frequent snacking and overeating can result in health issues like obesity, diabetes etc. later in life.
Fruit Juice is healthy
Always choose whole fruits over juices. Fibre is extremely important for a healthy body and fruit juice does not contain fibre, which a whole fruit does.
Hide the vegetables
Many parents secretly put veggies and other healthy ingredients in their child’s meal. While this may work in the short term, they are not developing the habit to eat a healthy diet. It is important to make them understand the concept of healthy eating and its significance in development.
More sugar means high energy levels
Consuming too much sugar is, in fact, bad for health. It can lead to ‘sugar addiction’ which can harm children both physically and psychologically. This addiction can generate mood swings, irritability, changes in activity levels etc. Hence, you should monitor their sugar intake levels regularly, and not encourage over-consumption of sugar.
How to eat Healthy
Make these smart changes in your diet:
Swapping soft drinks for water and herbal tea.
Avoiding processed foods.
Eating whole fruits instead of juices.
Limit your salt and sugar intake.
Ensure fruits and vegetables make up 50% of your meal.
Instead of frying choose to bake or grill your meals.
Reduce any extra fat intake.
Read the nutrition labels on foods before you buy them.
Eat home-cooked meals as much as possible.
Are you struggling with your weight issues? Get your personalised diet plan with our nutritionist.
URGENT ALERT, TO ALL THE COMMUNITY
Recently there has been described and identified a serious rush in lung damage in teenagers who are vaping in the United States, its origin is not clear yet. Therefore, all the users of these ELECTRICAL NICOTINE DEVICES must be diagnosed urgently by a doctor, primarily if presenting progressive lack of air with cough or fever. WE APPRECIATE YOUR SUPPORT DISSEMINATING THIS INFORMATION. REGARDS, GENERAL DIRECTOR
If you witness a teen or adult suddenly collapse: Call 9-1-1 and Push Hard and Fast in the Center of the Chest until Help Arrives. Please share our video of this family dinner scene turned disco party as they dance to Street Corner Symphony’s a cappella version of “Stayin’ Alive”, which has the same beats per minute as the ideal rate of chest compressions during CPR.
At Punta Mita Hospital we are proud to have a new member of our staff. Welcome Dr. Margarito Castro
· Surgeon graduated from Universidad de Guadalajara with a degree in academic excellence.
· Specialist in General Surgery performed in the High Specialty Medical Unit National Medical Center of the West endorsed by Universidad de Guadalajara.
· Fellowship in Bariatric Surgery at Hospital Ángeles Tijuana, endorsed by the Universidad Autónoma de Baja California and the Mexican College of Surgery for Obesity and Metabolic Diseases
· Diploma in Advanced Laparoscopic Surgery endorsed by the Mexican Association of Endoscopic Surgery
· Certified Surgeon by the Mexican College of General Surgery
· Member of the Mexican College of Surgery for Obesity and Metabolic Diseases
· Member of the Mexican Association of Endoscopic Surgery
Baldness and thinning hair is a problem that affects both men and women, and while it’s not physically debilitating, the toll that changes in physical appearance take can be extremely detrimental to your mental and emotional health, causing stress, self-esteem issues, and even relationship problems. If you are concerned about hair loss, you should know that not only is it a common problem, it is also one that can be treated. At Punta Mita Hospital, we are excited to be able to offer patients some of the newest state-of-the-art treatments for restoring hair loss.
Regenerative medicine is a growing area of medical practice that holds promise for a wide range of medical conditions and issues, from joint damage to hair loss. Punta Mita Hospital offers PRP (Platelet Rich Plasma) procedures injections as a way to spur the growth of your own healthy hair in areas where hair is miniaturized or lost. PRP (Platelet Rich Plasma) is derived from the patient’s own blood. Through a special processing method, growth factors found in the platelets are concentrated at 3-5 times what normally would be found in the blood, stimulating the hair follicle to grow.
PRP is short for Platelet Rich Plasma. Platelets are small disk-shaped cells in your blood that contain powerful cytokines, growth factors, and other regenerative and healing molecules, allowing them to stimulate the healing process. In fact, the cytokines released by platelets are responsible for nearly all repair processes that occur within the body, playing an important role in cellular communication and accelerating tissue and wound healing.
PRP is simply a concentration of these growth factors and proteins. Concentrating them allows us to
harness the regenerative properties to help stimulate repair and regeneration. When used to treat hair loss, PRP can help thinning hair grow thicker. PRP is also widely used in orthopedics. It is a completely natural treatment — after all, it’s your own blood — that is widely used in regenerative medicine, including the treatment of hair loss and thinning hair.
Regenerative medicine is a new and constantly evolving field, and we await long-term clinical data for hair growth or re-growth from PRP treatments. Physicians throughout the US and around the world have used this therapy to treat hair loss with excellent results, and though there is not trial data, the results of clinical studies have been positive. The procedure is well tolerated, minimally invasive, can be performed outpatient, and offers the potential for growing back your own hair without a more intensive procedure like a hair transplant.
What conditions can Stem Cells and PRP Therapy treat?
Stem Cells and PRP therapy can be used to treat hair loss that results from a number of causes,
Male Pattern Baldness, including miniaturized hair on the scalp. The therapy is especially helpful in the early stages of balding.
All stages of Female Pattern Hair Loss
Hypotrichosis (fine or reduced hairs) in the eyebrows or beard
Alopecia Areata or Alopecia Totalis
Hair loss induced by metabolic causes, including iron deficiency and medication
At your initial consultation, the Doctor will examine you carefully to determine whether you are a candidate for Stem Cells procedures and PRP therapy, and help you understand what to expect from the procedure.
What happens during the treatment?
In this procedure, stem cells are combined with PRP and injected directly into the scalp, encouraging miniaturized hair follicles to become healthier and larger, producing more robust new hair growth.
The entire procedure takes roughly 90 minutes to two hours to complete, and you can get back to work right away.
First, a blood sample is taken which is then specially processed to produce the PRP. A topical anesthetic is applied to completely numb the scalp treatment area (the patient can also be sedated, but sedation requires having someone else to drive you home after the treatment). The stem cells and PRP are combined and then administered via a series of injections to the affected area, using a tiny needle. After the initial injections, another technique called micro-needling is used on the affected areas to cause micro injuries to the scalp, further inducing and stimulating the scalp to release more growth factors. Once this is done, the stem cells and PRP are applied over and into the tiny holes created by the micro-needling to maximize the cellular response. Unlike with a hair transplant, there are no wounds or scarring — in fact after you leave there is no evidence that any procedure has taken place.
Are there any side effects from the procedure?
Stem cells procedures and PRP therapy is generally well tolerated and it does not require a long recovery period. You may experience some discomfort and tightness of the scalp from the injections for 1-2 days, which can be managed with a non-narcotic analgesic like ibuprofen. This generally resolves within 48 hours. You shouldn’t wash your hair for the first 24 hours, but after that, you can wash and style it as your normally do. If there is swelling, avoid vigorous activity until it is gone.
What kind of results can you expect from Stem Cells procedures and PRP Therapy?
Following Stem cells procedures and PRP therapy, new hair growth can be seen in as early as 1-3 months. It is typically seen between 4-8 months, and hair can continue to improve up to a year after treatment. To date, results have been maintained without additional injections for up 2 years in many patients, but more research is needed to determine if this new hair growth is permanent. Though for many patients a single treatment is effective, in some cases as second series of injections about 6 months after the first is beneficial. For optimal results, it is recommended to do this procedure on a yearly basis.
RAPID grows international footprint and brings Mexico the only clinically validated, next-
generation imaging platform for assessing ischemic stroke
Menlo Park, Calif. — June 18, 2019 – iSchemaView, the worldwide leader in advanced imaging for stroke, has expanded its reach across North and Latin America, as the RAPID imaging platform is now available for use in Mexico. RAPID is designed to provide physicians with fully automated and easy-to-interpret imaging that facilitates timely clinical decision-making around stroke.
“Strokes are a medical emergency, and urgent treatment is essential. The sooner a person receives treatment for a stroke, the less damage is likely to happen. That’s why Punta Mita Hospital has acquired the most advanced cerebrovascular imaging platform available, RAPID,” offered Dr. Luis Alberto López Avelar, Medical Director Punta Mita Hospital. “We are committed to offering the best quality in medical care, which is why now with RAPID Punta Mita Hospital provides state-of-the-art technology for the timely and accurate diagnosis of a cerebrovascular event.”
Developed by leading stroke experts, RAPID technology has been selected for use in several ground-breaking trials that have changed treatment guidelines issued by both the American Heart Association and American Stroke Association. The RAPID Artificial Intelligence framework combines deep learning, machine learning and expert feature extraction. Together these provide unparalleled sensitivity and specificity across stroke modules (CT perfusion, MR diffusion and perfusion, CTA and CT ASPECT scoring).
Results are then delivered by the RAPID Intelligence Services Platform via PACS, email, text, the RAPID app or corporate partner workflow systems.
cerebral blood flow, cerebral blood volume and transit time
RAPID MRI: fully-automated diffusion and perfusion maps that quantify brain
areas with low ADC values, as well as delayed contrast arrival
RAPID CTA: automatically delivers CT angiography maps and identifies brain
regions with reduced blood vessel density in 2D and 3D outputs
RAPID ASPECTS: automatically identifies areas of early ischemic change on
non-contrast CT scans, which predicts irreversible injury
“Each day we work to transform stroke care, furthering our mission to provide healthcare professionals around the globe with the most comprehensive and intuitive suite of brain imaging solutions possible.” said Anil Singhal, MD, SVP, Worldwide Operations at iSchemaView. “Based on just the first quarter of this year, RAPID is already on pace to image over 132,500 patients in 2019, process over 250,000 scans
and identify over 40,000 potential patients for thrombectomies. We will continue to expand, across Mexico and the globe, to provide as many hospitals as possible the tools they need to best help their patients and improve outcomes.”
iSchemaView is the worldwide leader in advanced imaging for stroke. Installed in over 1,200 hospitals, iSchemaView’s RAPID (automated CTP, MR, CTA and ASPECTS), with enhanced AI framework, is the most advanced stroke imaging platform. In clinical trials, RAPID has been shown to aid in the selection of patients in early and late-window stroke trials, including SWIFT PRIME, EXTEND IA, DAWN, DEFUSE 3 and EXTEND. In addition to achieving the best clinical outcomes and largest treatment effects ever obtained, these landmark studies led to new American Heart Association and American Stroke Association guidelines and have dramatically altered the management of acute stroke around the world. For more information, visit www.RAPID.ai
Ever since Mexico has upgraded and regularized their standards in health care along with specialized doctors and very modern hospitals, thousands of Canadians and Americans are coming to this country every year for Medical Tourism. They are specifically planning their trip and their stay to attend to medical and dental necessities.
You may wonder what is the driving force behind these travels. Well, economics could be one main reason, but there are many others factors to take into account. The Canadian health system has great hospital infrastructure and health personnel, but they are over whelmed with the amount of patients that are in need of care, specially surgeries, therefore the waiting times for elective/non-emergency procedures can take up to months or years. Also the appointment times between visits to family health providers, referral to specialists, ordering special studies and scheduling surgeries are very much prolonged, whereas in Mexico all can be done within days, just with previous notification of the patient arriving.
On the US side costs of delivering care are quite high due to overhead expenses, ridiculous high liability insurance malpractice premiums and mark ups in consumables. This makes it almost impossible for an ordinary person to pay the price out of pocket, and health insurance policies limit many procedures and the large deductibles and co-payments may apply.
Modern communication technologies with smartphones and computers have also greatly contributed to the growing numbers of traveling patients. Aside from making them feel at home away from home, they can access and google information. So citizens of these countries are looking for alternatives elsewhere and Puerto Vallarta has become a favorite welcoming place for Medical and Dental travelers.
There are five major hospitals in the region with state of the art installations, over 350 medical specialists many with top certifications, and dozens of well qualified dentists, besides a Medical and Nursing School that were founded in 2007 by the University of Guadalajara, Puerto Vallarta CUC Campus. The most common procedures that patients are seeking for are in the field of Orthopedics (Arthroscopic and Joint replacements), Bariatric Surgery and Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, although many other specialists are keeping quite busy too, as well as the numerous dentists in town.
Written by: Dr. Max Greig, a well-known Orthopedic Surgeon of Punta Mita Hospital and founder of the University Medical School in Puerto Vallarta
Punta Mita Hospital and UC San Diego Health, an internationally renowned health system for clinical, educational, and research activities based in San Diego, California, USA, have signed a cooperation agreement to collaborate on the care of patients:
Punta Mita Hospital may refer patients to UC San Diego Health for medical and surgical care.
Our physicians will collaborate to develop telemedicine services for second opinion evaluations by UC San Diego Health physicians for patients at Punta Mita Hospital.
Since opening the hospital in May of 2017 we have seen almost 500 patients.
It’s a number that we are proud to reflect on. Our founders and staff are proud to serve the vast community and visitors to the Punta Mita area.
We have 24/7 emergency services and lab available with qualified physicians and staff. Our ER specialist, all doctors, nursing staff and paramedics trained in ACLS ( advanced cardiac life support).
We’ve seen over 400 XRays and we’re still counting.
In this time we’ve also sent our ambulances out over 60 times to help those in need during emergency situations. Also, we’ve performed over 50 surgeries for a variety of needs from Hysteroscopy, Laparoscopy, Ovarian RRejuvenation, PRP, to Orthopedic & ER surgeries to name a few.